Greetings and Welcome

Friday, 27. March 2015 12:01 | Author:

Greetings and welcome to Critically Minded. Critically Minded Podcast is a thirteen-episode podcast series for teaching basic critical thinking skills. This blog is not only an access point for the podcast; it’s also an entire semester long course design. Interested teachers may access the free resources in the Pages column to the right (Teacher Resources). To learn more about the the Seven-Step course design, read on.
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Episode 12 Issues 2: Issues and Inferences

Wednesday, 1. July 2015 0:00 | Author:

In the final episode of this series, Nick and Dave discuss inferences. When is a descriptive statement really a prescriptive claim? How many kinds of issues are there?

SCRIPT:
Dave: You are listening to Critically Minded.
Nick: The podcast for English learners who want to become better critical thinkers. We’re your hosts, Nick . . .
Dave: And Dave. In this episode we want to discuss issues and inferences. An inference is a statement that is not spoken directly, because the speaker may be embarrassed or does not want to be impolite. Communicating in another language involves more than just understanding vocabulary and knowing grammar. It involves understanding indirect communication that is part of the culture where that language is spoken. […]

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Episode 11: Issues 1: Descriptive and Prescriptive Issues

Friday, 26. June 2015 0:00 | Author:

In Episode 11 Nick and Dave discuss issues. How many kinds of issues are there?

SCRIPT:
Nick: Welcome back to Critically Minded, Critical Thinking for 2nd Language Learners.
Dave: We’re your hosts, Dave–
Nick: And Nick. Well now that we have learned about premises and conclusions, next we’ll be discussing how to understand an argument in terms of issues. Issues are what people are really disagreeing about when they argue for their point of view, or when they are trying to persuade you to agree with them. […]

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Episode 10: Major and Minor Premises 2

Sunday, 21. June 2015 0:00 | Author:

In Episode 12 Nick and Dave continue their discussion of major and minor premises. What words are used to indicate each?

SCRIPT:
Dave: You are listening to Critically Minded.
Nick: Critical Thinking For 2nd Language Learners. We’re your hosts, Nick . . .
Dave: And Dave. In our last episode, we were looking at major and minor premises. Now we should discuss the words used to indicate major premises and minor premises. […]

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Episode 9: Major and Minor Premises 1

Sunday, 14. June 2015 0:00 | Author:

Some premises live inside of other premises. In this episode, Nick and Dave discuss major and minor premises.

SCRIPT:
Nick: You’re back with the Critically Minded: Critical Thinking For 2nd Language Learners and we’re your hosts, Nick . . .
Dave: And Dave.
Nick: Today we’re going to discuss major and minor premises.
To understand the difference between major and minor premises, it’s important to understand that not all premises are equal. The major premise will be the more general or fundamental premise. And the minor premise will be more specific, concerning particular people, places or this or that condition.  […]

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Episode 8 Point Two: Conditional Statements and Hypothetical Premises 2

Monday, 8. June 2015 0:01 | Author:

In Episode 8 Point Two Nick and Dave discuss hypothetical premises.

SCRIPT:
Dave: You are listening to Critically Minded.
Nick: The podcast for English learners who want to become better critical thinkers. We’re your hosts, Nick . . .
Dave: And Dave. In an earlier episode, we were discussing conditional statements and hypothetical premises. […]

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Episode 8 : Conditional Statements and Hypothetical Premises 1

Monday, 8. June 2015 0:00 | Author:

In Episode 8 Nick and Dave discuss premises that help us to predict future events.

SCRIPT:
Dave: You are listening to Critically Minded.
Nick: Critical Thinking For 2nd Language Learners. We’re your hosts, Nick . . .
Dave: And Dave.The next topic we’re discussing today is conditional statements and hypothetical premises. […]

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Episode 7: Side-By-Side Premise Arguments and Chain Premise Arguments

Sunday, 31. May 2015 0:01 | Author:

In Episode 7 Nick and Dave discuss the first of three different kinds of argument patterns.

SCRIPT:
Dave: You are listening to Critically Minded.
Nick:
Critical Thinking For 2nd Language Learners. We’re your hosts, Nick . . .
Dave:
And Dave. In our earlier episodes we discussed the organization of arguments. We noted that arguments are made up of premises leading to a conclusion.
Nick:
And that is a rule that is going to remain in effect throughout this series. But in the next three episodes, we’re going to talk about three variations on that basic format. They are called side-by-side-premise arguments . . . chain premise arguments . . . and major and minor premise arguments. […]

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Episode 6 POINT 2: Hidden Premises 2

Thursday, 21. May 2015 0:01 | Author:

In this Point Two episode, Nick and Dave discuss the social and political aspects of hidden premises.

SCRIPT:
Dave:
You are listening to Critically Minded.
Nick:
Critical Thinking For 2nd Language Learners. We’re your hosts, Nick . . .
Dave: And Dave. In our regular episode titled Hidden Premises, we spoke about hidden premises, that is, facts that are so widely known that it is not necessary to mention them. We can assume that anyone we speak to understands these things. Still, it is important to remember that any argument has at least two premises, one general, and often unstated, and the others that is spoken, or written.

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Episode 6: Hidden Premises 1

Thursday, 14. May 2015 0:00 | Author:

 This sixth episode of Critically Minded finds Nick and Dave discussing hidden premises.

 SCRIPT:
Nick:
You are listening to Critically Minded.
Dave: Critical Thinking For 2nd Language Learners. We’re your hosts, Dave  . . .
Nick: And Nick. In our earlier episode we discussed the basic organization of arguments. We talked about how conclusions need to be supported by premises. Or, in other words, how you need to have reasons for what you believe.
Dave: And those reasons need to lead logically, or reasonably, to that belief.
Nick: So a typical organization of a basic argument is quite simple. A premise, another premise, and a conclusion.
Dave: You may be wondering why do we need a second premise? Isn’t one premise enough? Why do I need two reasons to believe something? But, in fact, it would be very difficult, and maybe impossible to think of an argument with only one premise. One of the most famous arguments, by the 17th Century philosopher named Rene Descartes went like this: I think. Therefore, I am.
Nick: Actually David, this example is far more complicated than it seems. But  from a very simplistic point of view of the structure, we have “I think,” that’s one premise, and “I am,” the conclusion. But that’s…
Dave:
Yes, it looks like one premise one conclusion, but arguments commonly have what are called hidden or unstated premises.
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Episode 5 Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens

Thursday, 7. May 2015 0:00 | Author:

 In the fifth episode of Critically Minded, Nick and Dave continue their discussion of major and minor premises.

 SCRIPT:
Nick: We’re back again with Critically Minded––Critical Thinking for 2nd Language Learners.
Dave: The podcast for English language learners who want to improve their critical thinking skills.
Nick: And we’re your hosts Nick-
Dave: And Dave. In this episode we’re going to discuss two kinds of basic argument forms. In the first episodes we talked a little about organizing an argument, and how logic connects premises and conclusions.
Nick: But what we haven’t talked about yet are patterns of logic. The first pattern  we will look at is called Modus Ponens. A rule of reasoning which is often related to the conditional sentence.
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