Greetings and Welcome

Friday, 27. March 2015 12:01 | Author:

Greetings and welcome to Critically Minded. Critically Minded Podcast is a thirteen-episode podcast series for teaching basic critical thinking skills. This blog is not only an access point for the podcast; it’s also an entire semester long course design. Interested teachers may access the free resources in the Pages column to the right (Teacher Resources). To learn more about the the Seven-Step course design, read on.
[…]

Category:Language Courses, Podcast | Comments (1)

Episode 6 POINT 2: Hidden Premises 2

Thursday, 21. May 2015 0:01 | Author:

In this Point Two episode, Nick and Dave discuss the social and political aspects of hidden premises.

SCRIPT:
Dave:
You are listening to Critically Minded.
Nick:
Critical Thinking For 2nd Language Learners. We’re your hosts, Nick . . .
Dave: And Dave. In our regular episode titled Hidden Premises, we spoke about hidden premises, that is, facts that are so widely known that it is not necessary to mention them. We can assume that anyone we speak to understands these things. Still, it is important to remember that any argument has at least two premises, one general, and often unstated, and the others that is spoken, or written.

[…]

Category:Language Courses, Podcast | Comments (1)

Episode 6: Hidden Premises 1

Thursday, 14. May 2015 0:00 | Author:

 This sixth episode of Critically Minded finds Nick and Dave discussing hidden premises.

 SCRIPT:
Nick:
You are listening to Critically Minded.
Dave: Critical Thinking For 2nd Language Learners. We’re your hosts, Dave  . . .
Nick: And Nick. In our earlier episode we discussed the basic organization of arguments. We talked about how conclusions need to be supported by premises. Or, in other words, how you need to have reasons for what you believe.
Dave: And those reasons need to lead logically, or reasonably, to that belief.
Nick: So a typical organization of a basic argument is quite simple. A premise, another premise, and a conclusion.
Dave: You may be wondering why do we need a second premise? Isn’t one premise enough? Why do I need two reasons to believe something? But, in fact, it would be very difficult, and maybe impossible to think of an argument with only one premise. One of the most famous arguments, by the 17th Century philosopher named Rene Descartes went like this: I think. Therefore, I am.
Nick: Actually David, this example is far more complicated than it seems. But  from a very simplistic point of view of the structure, we have “I think,” that’s one premise, and “I am,” the conclusion. But that’s…
Dave:
Yes, it looks like one premise one conclusion, but arguments commonly have what are called hidden or unstated premises.
[…]

Category:Language Courses, Podcast | Comment (0)

Episode 5 Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens

Thursday, 7. May 2015 0:00 | Author:

 In the fifth episode of Critically Minded, Nick and Dave continue their discussion of major and minor premises.

 SCRIPT:
Nick: We’re back again with Critically Minded––Critical Thinking for 2nd Language Learners.
Dave: The podcast for English language learners who want to improve their critical thinking skills.
Nick: And we’re your hosts Nick-
Dave: And Dave. In this episode we’re going to discuss two kinds of basic argument forms. In the first episodes we talked a little about organizing an argument, and how logic connects premises and conclusions.
Nick: But what we haven’t talked about yet are patterns of logic. The first pattern  we will look at is called Modus Ponens. A rule of reasoning which is often related to the conditional sentence.
[…]

Category:Language Courses, Podcast | Comment (0)

Episode 4: Validity and Soundness

Thursday, 30. April 2015 0:00 | Author:

In their fourth episode, Nick and Dave discuss validity and soundness.

 SCRIPT:

Dave: You are listening to Critically Minded.
Nick:
The podcast for English learners who want to become better critical thinkers. We’re your hosts, Nick . . .
Dave:
And Dave. You should be happy to hear that we have completed our introductory discussion of argument analysis. In this episode, we are going to discuss the second category of basic critical thinking skills, argument evaluation.
[…]

Category:Language Courses, Podcast | Comment (0)

Episode 3: Organizing an Argument 2

Thursday, 23. April 2015 0:00 | Author:

In this third episode, Nick and Dave continue their discussion of the basic structure of an argument. They discuss how to distinguish between reasons (premises) and conclusions. They talk about premise indicators (like “because”) and conclusion indicators (like “so,” “therefore,” and “thus”). They also talk about conclusion-first and conclusion-last arguments.

SCRIPT:
Nick:
Welcome back to Critically Minded: Critical Thinking For 2nd Language Learners. I’m Nick.
Dave: And I’m Dave.

Nick: As you may remember, last time we were discussing how arguments are organized. We noted that informally speaking an argument has reasons and a conclusion. And we said that when we speak formally, that is when we make an argument, we use the word premise for reason.

[…]

Category:Language Courses, Podcast | Comment (0)

Episode 2: Organizing an Argument 1

Thursday, 16. April 2015 12:00 | Author:

In this episode, Nick and Dave introduce the concept of an argument as a logical progression from premises to a conclusion. They discuss classical syllogisms and suggest challenging one’s own conclusion with alternate arguments.

SCRIPT:
Nick:
Welcome once again to Critically Minded: Critical Thinking For 2nd Language Learners.  I’m Nick.
Dave:
And I’m Dave. In our previous episode we discussed some of the goals of this podcast. We explained that we are not teaching English conversation here; that we are teaching critical thinking. And we explained that in the context of language learning, that means argument analysis and argument evaluation. That is the close examination of the organization of reasons and conclusions, followed by making some judgement of the quality of the argument.
[…]

Category:Language Courses, Podcast | Comments (3)

Episode 1: Introductions

Wednesday, 1. April 2015 16:30 | Author:

In this first episode Nick and Dave introduce themselves and explain why they are producing this podcast series. They tell how they think their listeners can benefit from the podcast. They speak briefly about what critical thinking is and why it’s a skill set worth acquiring.

 SCRIPT:

Dave: Greetings everyone. You’re listening to Critically Minded: Critical Thinking For 2nd Language Learners.  I’m Dave —
Nick: And I’m Nick. Thank you for downloading our first podcast.
Dave: This is the first in a series of several episodes we’re planning to present on Critical Thinking for English language learners.

[…]

Category:Language Courses, Podcast | Comments (1)